BIA (Bibliotheca Iuris Antiqui) - SCHEDE FOR BUYING BIA



Versione Italiana


Windows operating system

The adoption of a graphic platform, that is a common standard for various applications, allows a set of functions it was impossible to have with the previous MS-DOS support.

Multifont database Latin and Greek

The opportunity of managing Greek font has allowed the insertion of Greek expressions in the FONTES archives, as well as the research connected with Latin types.

Digesta ed. Mommsen-Krueger

The text of Digesta - that forms the biggest part of FONTES archives - has been completely revised, in comparison with the first edition of BIA, in order to conform it to the so-called editio minor (Mommsen-Krueger) in the twelfth edition (1954, praefatio Kunkel).

Bibliography 1940-1998

The bibliographical archives (OPERA) have been revised for bibliography - concerning the period 1950-1989 - already contained in the previous edition and have been also enriched, including now the complete scientific production for the years 1940-1998.


An integrated informative system about Ancient laws

Scientific Director Nicola Palazzolo


Database Bibliotheca Iuris Antiqui (BIA) on CD-ROM is made up of three archives in only one information retrieval programme.



Source archives consist of a very big documentary fund which contains almost all Roman juridical sources in full text.
The electronic text of Digesta, divided into paragraphs (with a total number of documents which is about 3/5 of the ones in Fontes), reflects the editio minor (Mommsen-Krüger) in his twelfth edition (1954, praefatio Kunkel). It doesn't include, however, the apparatus criticus or it doesn't report the possible 'second numeration', of frames which is present (within brackets) in printing edition. The electronic text of the other juridical sources in archives is made out of that one carried out in Linz University (Austria). The latter, however, has been harmonized and adapted either in the indication of sources or in the inscriptiones and subscriptiones in order to make them consistent with the usual quoting modalities by modern doctrine.



Bibliographic archives include the whole scientific production from 1940 to 1998 as regards to Roman law, to other ancient laws and to the general history of the ancient world. It is a very big documentary patrimony, which includes either single works or the writings contained in periodicals and collections.
All writings report bibliographic indication as well as an index rating modality made by BIA search group, which is a significant innovation compared with other paper or automated bibliographies: one or more classing codes for each subject, one or more descriptors related to the specific argument, and, above all, the indications of particularly discussed sources.



The classing code and descriptor archives contain a structured whole of more than 8000 words (of which more than 6000 descriptors and almost 2000 non-descriptors: synonyms, quasi-synonyms, opposites, etc.) that are specific patrimony of the disciplines concerning ancient laws. All words are linked together by a tree classing structure, which reproduces the logical categories typical of juridical disciplines. Besides, the system creates opportune references between common language words and checked words which are the descriptors, used to define the subjects of bibliographical documents.



Each of the three archives can be examinated either singularly or in an integrated way:

Besides, the software allows to 'sail' through the archives increasing, in this way, the opportunities of finding. For example, it is possible to move from the text of a source to the bibliography where that source is quoted, as well as it is possible to verify the full text of a quoted source on the screen.

In the same way, it is possible to move from a term found in a source to the other terms which express the same concept or related concepts and then again from these concepts to the sources where they are or to the works where they appear as words of the title, of the index or as descriptors. For a better research, the software also provides the usage of the logical operators ("and", "or", "not"), the right cutting off, the choice between a synthetical list of all found documents and the complete reading of the single documents one by one.

All the documents, found through a research in each of the three archives, can be printed both on paper and on file.



The data bank has been made by a group of research directed by Nicola Palazzolo working at the "Centro Interuniversitario per l'Informatica Romanistica" (C.I.R.). The data bank BIA on CD-ROM will be periodically updated by the same group of research.

In order to help the utilization of BIA, an user interface in Italian, French, English, German, Spanish is given. It is possible to move from a language to another in every moment.

The new version of BIA has been realized for Windows (version 3.1 or higher). The software is available only in 'stand alone' version. Minimal system configuration: CPU 486DX/33 Mhz; RAM 8 MB; CD-ROM 2x; SVGA.

The use of BIA on CD-ROM does not ask any informatic knowledge: the user interface is properly studied for the researcher who has not any ability with a computer. On the screen all the operations the user must do are indicated. An help-on-line can be actived in every moment of the researching by a simple click of mouse. An user handbook, containing the information about single archives and the utilization of BIA, is enclosed with the software.


The group of research author of the data bank is always disposed to give a phone helping, via fax, or via e-mail to the users of CD-ROM:

Centro Interuniversitario per l'Informatica Romanistica

Phone +39-095-230370/230413 - Fax +39-095-321654
Home page:

Conditions of selling
The data bank "Bibliotheca Iuris Antiqui" is distributed by Libreria Editrice TORRE snc.
Via Salvatore Gallo, 27 - I-95124 Catania
Phone +39-095-316621 - Fax +39-095-320455

The price of CD-ROM is EUR 1080,00.

For the professors and the researchers which wish to buy a copy of BIA, if the Institute where they work has already bought a copy, the price is EUR 665,00. All the buyers of the first edition of BIA will get a refund of EUR 200,00, subject to restitution of the old CD.

© Catania 2002 - Gruppo di ricerca BIA